For the Air Canada article I was researching a video hosting service that would match my requirements of:
- Which rights of my work I would have to give away,
- what usage rights I could assign to my viewers,
- what level of privacy I could expect in terms of disclosure of my data,
- and where a service had its legal residence in case of a dispute.
I’ve decided to collect and extend my findings in this post in the hope that it can help others in choosing their preferred video hosting service.
A summary is provided at the end of this post, based on my understanding of the legal terms as a non-lawyer. All excerpts were made on April 25, 2009 unless otherwise stated. Emphasis and comments mine.
[...] you are granting Blip.tv, its affiliated companies and partners, a worldwide, revocable, royalty-free, non-exclusive, sub-licensable license to use, reproduce, create derivative works of, distribute, publicly perform, publicly display, transfer, transmit, distribute and publish that content for the purposes of displaying that content on Blip.tv and on other Web sites, devices and/or platforms.
When you upload content to Blip.tv you will be asked to select a secondary copyright license, which is additional to the license you grant to Blip.tv and its affiliated companies and partners. [...] You can designate this license to be a Creative Commons License [...] or an “All Rights Reserved” license (you also have the option of selecting “public domain,” in which case you are disclaiming all copyright to the work for the benefit of the public at large)
When you delete content from Blip.tv, such deleted content, while not available to the viewing public and other Blip.tv users, will remain on the Blip.tv server until such time as you make a specific request to Blip.tv for permanent deletion of such content from the Blip.tv server. Such requests must be made in writing, via email, to Blip.tv customer service [...]
Blip.tv will not share personally identifiable information about you with any third-party except as required by law [...]
[...] Dailymotion does not own Your Content. [...] you agree to allow any users of the Website free of charge and for personal use only, to view and transmit Your Content on or through the Website, on other electronic communication media [...], for the entire period in which Your Content is hosted on the Website. In addition, for the entire period in which your content is hosted and strictly by means of the features that enable the Website to be accessed via the Internet or through other electronic communication media or technology, you authorise us to reproduce/display Your Content and, as necessary, adjust its format for that purpose.
Source: http://www.dailymotion.com/legal/term – retrieved May 5, 2009
Dailymotion may release Data if the law requires it to do so or in the good-faith belief that such action is necessary to comply with state and federal laws (such as U.S. Copyright Law) or respond to a court order, subpoena, or search warrant or to protect Dailymotion’s rights and interests
You are entitled to access and correct your Data by requesting to do so via the Contact us section, or by sending a letter to the following address: 49/51 rue Ganneron, 75018 Paris.
Website host: Dailymotion, 49/51 rue Ganneron, 75018 Paris. Tel : + 33 1 77 35 11 11
Source: http://www.dailymotion.com/legal/infos – retrieved May 5, 2009
To my knowledge, the “in good-faith belief” clause regarding the disclosure of private data is not permitted in the European Union. I think it equals a blank approval that leaves significant room for interpretation on the service provider’s side while leaving users completely in the dark about the exact conditions under which personal data can be released. Even if such a disclosure is successfully appealed in court, a privacy breach can generally not be undone.
These terms are specific to Canadian users.
Yahoo! does not claim ownership of Content you submit or make available [...]. However, [...], you grant Yahoo! the following world-wide, royalty free and non-exclusive license(s), as applicable: [...]
With respect to [...] video you submit [...], the license to use, distribute, reproduce, modify, adapt, publicly perform and publicly display such Content on the Service solely for the purpose for which such Content was submitted or made available. This licence exists only for as long as you elect to continue to include such Content on the Service and will terminate at the time you remove or Yahoo! removes such Content from the Service.
You irrevocably waive any moral rights or other rights with respect to attribution of authorship or integrity in the Content you submit.
Source: http://info.yahoo.com/legal/ca/yahoo/utos/utos-ca01.html – retrieved May 2, 2009
Yahoo! will not share personally identifiable information [...] unless [...] We reasonably believe it is necessary [...] or as otherwise required or permitted by law
You and Yahoo! agree to submit to the personal and exclusive jurisdiction of the courts located within the province of Ontario, Canada.
Source: http://info.yahoo.com/legal/ca/yahoo/utos/utos-ca01.html – retrieved May 2, 2009
Google video is no longer accepting uploads and was thus omitted.
[...] you hereby grant decentral.tv a worldwide, non-exclusive, royalty-free, sublicenseable and transferable license to use, reproduce, distribute, prepare derivative works of, display, and perform the User Submissions in connection with the Kyte Website and decentral.tv’s (and its successor’s) business, including without limitation for promoting and redistributing part or all of the Kyte Website (and derivative works thereof) in any media formats and through any media channels.
You also hereby grant each user of the Kyte Website a non-exclusive license to access your User Submissions through the Website, and to use, reproduce, distribute, prepare derivative works of, display and perform such User Submissions as permitted through the functionality of the Website and pursuant to these Terms of Service.
We may release personally identifiable information [...] if we in good faith believe that such action is necessary to comply with state and federal laws
The decentral.tv Sites are hosted in the United States and are intended for and directed to Users in the United States [...] If you are a User accessing the decentral.tv Sites from [...] any other region [...] be advised that [...] you are transferring your personal information to the United States and you consent to that transfer.
[...] the Kyte Website and Service shall be deemed a passive website that does not give rise to personal jurisdiction over decentral.tv, either specific or general, in jurisdictions other than California.
You hereby grant LiveVideo a limited, non-exclusive, perpetual, transferable, assignable, fully paid-up, royalty-free, worldwide license to encode, compress, convert, host, distribute, transfer, perform, reproduce, display, and otherwise exploit your content over the Site and to use such content for advertisement purposes as LiveVideo sees fit, in any medium, in its sole and absolute discretion, without any compensation to you.
In order to revoke this license granted to LiveVideo, simply remove your content.
[...] LiveVideo may disclose your [...] Membership Information [...] under the following circumstances: [...] (b) Pursuant to a good faith belief that such access, preservation or disclosure is reasonably necessary to:
1) Enforce the LiveVideo Terms of Service;
2) Respond to claims that any uploaded materials violate the rights of third-parties;
3) Respond to your customer service requests;
4) Comply with legal process; and/or
5) Protect the rights, property, or personal safety of LiveVideo, its users, or the public.
[...] the collection of user data is governed, to the extent they exist, by United States federal and state privacy law.
This TOS shall be construed in accordance with the laws of the State of California, and you will agree to submit to jurisdiction to any action to enforce the terms herein in the federal or state courts of Los Angeles County, California.
By submitting your Submission to VIMEO, you hereby grant VIMEO [...] a worldwide, perpetual, non-exclusive, irrevocable, royalty-free, sub-licensable (through multiple tiers) and transferable license (with a right to create derivative works) to use, copy, transmit or otherwise distribute, perform, modify, incorporate into other works, publicly perform and display your Submission or any portion thereof, in or through any medium, [...]. VIMEO shall be entitled to unrestricted use of any Submission for any purpose whatsoever, commercial or otherwise, without compensation to the submitter.
You also grant each user of the VIMEO Site and Services a non-exclusive license to access your Submission through the VIMEO Site or any other access point authorized by VIMEO, and to use, copy, transmit or otherwise distribute, perform, publicly perform, create derivative works of, and display your Submission to the extent expressly authorized by VIMEO [...]
For any Submission that is a video, the licenses granted by you herein shall terminate within a commercially reasonable time after you remove or delete such Submission from the Site. [...] VIMEO may retain (but not display, distribute, or perform) server copies of Submissions that have been removed or deleted [...] For any Submission that is not a video, the licenses granted by you herein are perpetual and irrevocable.
By submitting a Submission, you waive the right to make any claim against VIMEO
We will not share your personal information with others except as indicated below, or except when we inform you in advance and give you the opportunity to opt out. We may share personal information with:
- [...] Other businesses with which we partner or which we carefully select to offer you products, services, and promotions through our website or offline; and
- Other third parties in limited circumstances, such as complying with legal requirements, preventing fraud, and protecting the safety of our users.
These Terms of Service [...] shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of New York [...] You agree that the VIMEO Site (and all Services) is deemed a passive website that does not give rise to personal jurisdiction over VIMEO [...] in any jurisdiction other than the State of New York
[...] by submitting User Submissions to YouTube, you hereby grant YouTube a worldwide, non-exclusive, royalty-free, sublicenseable and transferable license to use, reproduce, distribute, prepare derivative works of, display, and perform the User Submissions in connection with the YouTube Website [...], including without limitation for promoting and redistributing part or all of the YouTube Website (and derivative works thereof) in any media formats and through any media channels.
You also hereby waive any moral rights you may have in your User Submissions and grant each user of the YouTube Website a non-exclusive license to access your User Submissions through the Website, and to use, reproduce, distribute, display and perform such User Submissions as permitted through the functionality of the Website and under these Terms of Service.
The above licenses granted by you in User Videos terminate within a commercially reasonable time after you remove or delete your User Videos from the YouTube Service. YouTube may retain, but not display, distribute, or perform, server copies of User Submissions that have been removed or deleted.
The above licenses granted by you in User Comments are perpetual and irrevocable
Google only shares personal information with other companies or individuals outside of Google in the following limited circumstances: [...] We have a good faith belief that access, use, preservation or disclosure of such information is reasonably necessary [...]
[...] the YouTube Website shall be deemed solely based in California; and (ii) the YouTube Website shall be deemed a passive website that does not give rise to personal jurisdiction over YouTube, either specific or general, in jurisdictions other than California.
Blip.tv: Appears to claim only those rights needed for running the service and offers users to choose their own license for viewers. States that personal data will only be disclosed where legally required. Located in the State of New York, USA.
Dailymotion: Appears to claim only those rights needed for running the service, however it always offers viewers a license for viewing only. The service is located in France where reasonable data protection laws can be expected, however personal data will nevertheless be disclosed based on “good-faith belief”.
Flickr Video (Canada): Claims of content rights appear to be limited to needs for running the service but wording regarding “purpose” leaves some room for interpretation. No attribution for uploaded content can be expected from the service. Personal data is disclosed based on “reasonable belief”. Located in province of Ontario, Canada for Canadian users.
Kyte.tv: Claims the right to use uploaded content for advertising its service, including deriving own works from submitted content. Grants viewers the right to derive own content from uploaded videos. Processes personal data in the USA and discloses it in “good faith belief”. Service located in State of California, USA.
LiveVideo: Claims the right to “exploit [uploaded] content” for any kind of advertising and to transfer this right. Can be revoked by removing uploaded content. Processes personal data in the USA and discloses it in “good faith belief”. Service located in State of California, USA.
Vimeo: Claims the right to use uploaded content for any kind of purpose whatsoever, to derive own works from uploaded content, and to transfer their rights. Viewers are granted the right to derive their own works from uploaded content. Rights are revoked by removing videos but Vimeo is not required to act in less than a “commercially reasonable” amount of time. Discloses personal data to other businesses and in unspecified “limited circumstances”. Service is located in State of New York, USA.
YouTube: Claims the right to use uploaded content for any kind of purpose, to derive own works from uploaded content, and to transfer their rights. Viewers are granted the right to “use” the content. Rights are revoked by removing videos but YouTube is not required to act in less than a “commercially reasonable” amount of time. Discloses personal data in “good faith belief”. Service located in State of California, USA.
Update 2011-06: Updated formatting of this post.